Here are the best treatments for cold weather joint pain relief with the natural and clinical way of treatment. Learn to treat your joints in winter.
With the arrival of colds, many chronic diseases begin to persistently remind themselves of their owners of pain and discomfort. Most often in the winter, diseases of the musculoskeletal system the spine and joints, which do not like dank, wet weather, wind, and frost, are aggravated. People with pains in the joints are older than 60 years old, and women do it more often than men.
The most common cause of joint pain is osteoarthritis, which affects almost 80% of people aged 60-65 years and older. Although like many “elderly” diseases, this illness is getting younger today doctors make such a diagnosis even for those who are barely 20-25 years old, often signs of illness are found in 30-year-olds. So, according to American doctors, symptomatic osteoarthritis of the knee joint is found in about 6% of Americans over 30 years of age.
Treatments for cold weather joint pain relief
You can find here 12 method to effectively reduce or cure joint pain.
1. Gels and patches
Gels, creams, ointments and patches containing an active substance, acting directly where you feel pain. The cream may include an anesthetic (for example, lidocaine), a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent (e.g. diclofenac) or a warming agent (e.g. capsaicin).
Anesthetics act directly on the nerve endings, “freezing” them, so the patient temporarily ceases to feel pain. And NSAIDs penetrate directly into the joint and have an anti-inflammatory effect, blocking the production of substances responsible for inflammation and pain. The best option is to combine the taking of tablets and the application of a cream or gel with the same active ingredient in the composition (for example, tablets diclofenac ).
Creams and patches with anesthetics are excellent for patients with diabetes or neurological causes of pain, and gels and ointments with NSAIDs, patients with arthritis, arthrosis and other diseases of the musculoskeletal system.
2. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
An electrode is attached to the patient’s skin, which sends pulses that act on the nerves passing near the diseased part of the body.
It works on nerve fibers are of three types. For the transmission of pain, the smallest fibers, respond, and for all other senses, the larger nerves respond. Therefore, in the process of neurostimulation, a “blockade” of nerves of type C occurs and stimulation of large fibers. In addition, the procedure forces the brain to produce endorphins and enkephalins, which in themselves have an analgesic effect.
3. Right shoes
We all know what shoes are. And all of us understand that a patient with arthritis of the knees is shown wearing comfortable shoes without a heel. But in fact, even shoes with flat soles can be different. Do not spare money for good, quality, soft and easily bending shoes, and your knees will thank you.
Due to the fact that when wearing the right shoe on the joints (especially the knee) you have less load, the processes of inflammation and degenerative changes begin to slow down. The conducted studies show that after 6 months of wearing soft and elastic shoes, patients notice a 2-fold decrease in the intensity of pain.
4. Injection of glucocorticosteroids
Steroids (prednisolone, dexamethasone and cortisone) have a powerful anti-inflammatory effect at the level of the whole organism.
A rheumatologist or a traumatologist does a patient’s injection with a thin needle directly into the joint and injects a glucocorticosteroid. Getting into the sore joint, the hormone begins to actively fight inflammation. The patient feels relieved within a few hours after the procedure. The therapeutic effect and the absence of pain last from several weeks to several months.
Injections of glucocorticosteroids are excellent for patients with any type of arthritis.
5. Injection of hyaluronic acid
Hyaluronic acid is a viscous, dense liquid that is a component of the cartilage. After the injection, hyaluronic acid tends to the damaged cartilage and helps it cope with the inflammatory effect of the intraarticular fluid and degenerative processes. Completely cartilage restore, probably, will not succeed, but the curative effect is achieved almost as quickly as with the injection of hormones. If the patient feels well after the first course of injections, then he is prescribed this kind of treatment once or twice a year. Unfortunately, there are people for whom this technique is ineffective.
The best hyaluronic acid injections help patients with osteoarthritis and especially knee arthrosis.
6. Therapeutic exercise / training
Therapeutic exercise is a complex of exercises that help to maintain muscle tone, build up a muscle corset around the joints, improve posture and increase the amount of movement in the joints. In addition, regular physical activity improves mood and helps to deal with stress.
The patient receives detailed instructions with a step-by-step description of the exercises, the total duration of training and safety rules. Exercises are usually given in courses of 2 weeks.
It is effective on any type of arthritis and arthrosis (rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, back pain).
7. Heat and cold
It warmers with warm or cold water, warm or warming and cold compresses.
Heat helps to relieve spasm of muscles and blood vessels, and cold blocks the conduction of nerve impulses.
Warming dressings and hot water bottles are very helpful for arthrosis of the knees. If you warm your knees 2-3 times a day for 15 minutes, then on the first day you will notice an improvement in the condition. Do this simple procedure for 2 weeks a few times a year, and the pain in your knees will bother you much less. Cold compresses are effective for pain in muscles, sprains, and bruises.
8. Point injections
An injection of an anesthetic (for example, lidocaine) and/or a hormone (eg, prednisolone) into the muscle.
The needle falls directly into the diseased portion of the muscle and already this alone stimulates it to recover. The introduction of a drug significantly enhances this effect.
This method is used for muscle pain in arthritis. Quite often the inflammatory process in the joint can spread to surrounding tissues. Muscle pain by intensity can be no less than pain in the joint, so it’s worth thinking about the possibility of using this method.
Meditation is a set of concentrating exercises that help focus and relax.
The stress experienced by a person always enhances the synthesis of pro-inflammatory (inflammatory) substances. Meditation helps you find peace of mind, understand yourself and cope with stress. This relatively simple and completely free method is surprisingly effective.
Improvement is noted by all patients who have mastered meditation, no matter what or where they are hurting.
10. Blockade of the nerve
Injection of the anesthetic directly into the nerve, which carries signals from the diseased joint or muscle or the injection of drug substance into the spinal canal.
The anesthetic blocks the transmission of impulses along the nerve, and the brain thinks that there is no more inflammation, and ceases to produce pro-inflammatory substances.
Basically, blockades are made to a patient with herniated intervertebral discs, when the pain is localized in the back and descends the back surface of the legs.
Acupuncture is an ancient Chinese technique, which is based on the introduction of thin needles into special points on the body.
Needles stimulate the body to produce endorphins and exert local influence, relaxing the cramped muscles and improving blood flow.
Acupuncture works great with any kind of pain. The main thing is to find a good specialist.
12. Stimulation of peripheral nerves
The surgeon implants a small sensor under the patient’s skin. This device will periodically create electrical impulses, blocking the transmission of signals over the nerves innervating the sore spot.
This method works in the same way as percutaneous electro-neuro stimulation. Under the action of impulses, the small nerve fibers responsible for the pain impulses are blocked.
Very good stimulation of the peripheral nerves helps patients with osteoarthritis and osteochondrosis, especially in the lumbar spine.
Soon we will be adding many more clinical and natural method to treat joints pain in winter, though it is important to consult a specialist before doing any treatment yourself.